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Food heroes to launch in market place

The search for the crème de la crème among Norfolk’s food and farming industry will begin at a new launch event in Aylsham town centre on Saturday 7th April.

Organisers of The Aylsham Agricultural Show Association’s 12th annual Norfolk Hero Food and Drink Awards ask the public for nominations for the premier individuals and businesses in four categories (last year’s winners in brackets):

The Overall Championship Sponsors are Lovewell Blake – Accounts, Business Advisers and Financial Planners, and the Association is very grateful for their continued support. They will be represented by Chris Solt, who, with Michael Baker (winner of the 2017 Individual Food or Drink Hero award), will judge the overall winner of the four Categories below.

1. Best specialist food or drink supplier, sponsored by Barclays. The supplier may only sell products using ingredients mainly grown or farmed by them (Yare Valley Oils, Surlingham).

2. Best use of Norfolk produce on menu, sponsored by Gressingham Foods. The owner, chef and staff need to demonstrate the use of, and enthusiasm for, Norfolk produce (The Duck Inn, Stanhoe and winners of the Overall Championship).

3. Best food or drink retailer, sponsored by Dewing Grain. The retailer needs to promote and sell a large range of Norfolk produce (Nortons Dairy, Frettenham).

4. Best new food or drink venture, sponsored by Spire Solicitors. This new venture must have started trading in 2016/2017. The owner needs to demonstrate the future potential of the business, and the use or promotion of Norfolk produce (Vanvino, Wymondham).

As usual, the Individual Food or Drink Hero – who will be chosen by Aylsham Show president for 2018, Michael Gamble – will be presented with the President’s Tankard at this summer’s Aylsham Show.

And the winner of the Overall Championship, who will receive the Ken Dye Memorial Salver, will also be revealed at the action-packed show, which takes place at the Blickling Estate on bank holiday Monday, August 27.

In one of several new departures this year, the 2017 category award winners will judge, along with the sponsors, the 2018 victors.

And in another “first”, the awards will be launched at Aylsham Farmers’ Market, in the town’s Market Place, on Saturday April 7, from 9am-1pm.

Forms and help will be available for visitors wanting to make nominations and last year’s winners will be showcasing their products – with plenty of free tastings on offer.

Alex Haswell has taken over from Jacinth Rogers as head steward for the awards. A former chartered surveyor who loves the countryside, Alex, from Lammas, near Coltishall, now works as a fundraising manager for Macmillan Cancer Support in Norfolk and Suffolk.

She said: “We believe it is important to recognise the hard work that many individuals and businesses invest and are delighted that the 2017 winners will be judging this year’s categories with the sponsors, to acknowledge their contribution.”

2017 WINNERS:
The Duck Inn Stanhoe,
Overall Championship
Winners and Category
Winner for Best Use of
Norfolk Produce on Menu.
Presented with the Ken
Dye Memorial Salver.

Delight as good causes benefit from successful Aylsham Show

Dozens of charities and other good causes have been given a share of £32,000 courtesy of the Aylsham Show.

Cheques ranging from £3,000 to £250 were handed out to 46 organisations during a presentation evening at Aylsham Football Club, on Tuesday January 23.

Many of the recipients are involved with the annual August bank holiday Aylsham Show at Blickling Park, helping with jobs such as parking, manning the gates and running attractions.

Last year’s 71st show was blessed by sunshine and attracted some 18,000 visitors who enjoyed a packed programme which included the ever-popular livestock classes and an arena performance by the Red Devils’ Parachute Regiment.

Aylsham Show chairman Simon Evans said: “We are delighted to be able to give £32,000 to mostly local deserving charitable causes. This satisfies one of the objectives of the Aylsham Show, along with the promotion and education of agriculture to the public, and support for the Aylsham Recreation Ground which was donated to the town by the Goulder family, and which is where the show began.” Cheques were presented by chairman Simon Evans in the absence of 2017 president John Wootton.

• The full list of beneficiaries is: £3,000: North Walsham Rugby Club; £2,750: Reepham and District Rotary Club for its charities; £2,000: Bloodwise; £1,500: Rotary Club of Aylsham for its charities, East Anglia’s Children’s Hospices; £1,250: Aylsham Flower Club for the Dementia Research Trust; £1,000: Aylsham Boxing Club, Busy Beavers Playgroup; £750: Fresh Start – new beginnings; £500: Aylsham St Giles Cricket Club, Aylsham Tennis Club, Aylsham Bowling Club, Aylsham Community Sports (Youngs Park), Aylsham Football Club, Aylsham Older People’s Association, 1st Aylsham Scout Group, 3rd Aylsham Guides, Aylsham and District Care Trust, Aylsham Community Gym, The Market Surgery in Aylsham, Aylsham Parish Church Repton 200 Project, St Michael’s Association of School Helpers, Aylsham Youth Club, the Nancy Oldfield Trust, 2nd Reepham Scout Group, North Walsham Young Farmers, Norfolk Federation Young Farmers’ Clubs, Sainsbury’s North Walsham for the Alzheimer’s Society, Fakenham Citizens Advice, Happisburgh Owl Trust, Together For Short Lives, The Buckingham Emergency Food Appeal, Multiple Sclerosis Therapy Centre Norfolk, North Norfolk Diabetes UK Group, Nelson’s Journey, East Anglian Air Ambulance, Norwich Riding for the Disabled, Fishing for Schools, YANA, Worstead Guild of Weavers, Spinners and Dyers, Countryside Alliance Countryside Classroom; £250: Cruse Bereavement Care Norwich and Central Norfolk, Norfolk and Norwich Association for the Blind, Marsham Parochial Church Council Upwards for Marsham, St Mary’s Church in Stody, Redwings Horse Sanctuary.

• Nelson’s Journey, which supports bereaved children and young people in Norfolk, will be putting its £500 donation towards more books about bereavement for its new library, at the charity’s Smiles House headquarters in Little Plumstead.
“Some of the books are for children and families to borrow as long as they’re needed and others are for professionals working with children who have been bereaved,” said charity spokesman Gena Moore. “This donation will go a long way to boosting what we’ve got with loads of new books.”

• Fresh Start – new beginnings will use its £750 cheque to help children affected by sexual abuse. “This is wonderful,” said charity founder Diana Porter. “It will go towards therapy work with children in Norfolk referred to us by professionals such as the police and GPs.” Fresh Start carries out an assessment in the victim’s home and prepares a treatment plan based on each child’s needs. The Ipswich-based charity, which has hubs in Norwich, Dereham, King’s Lynn, Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft, also helps siblings and the protective parent.

• North Walsham Rugby Club, whose supporters helped with parking at the Aylsham Show, is delighted with its £3,000 donation. Spokesman Paul Morse said it would be put towards the club’s work with schools and a £70,000 project to install a lift and extend the clubhouse, making it more accessible for people with disabilities.
• The Neatishead-based Nancy Oldfield Trust will be spending its £500 on replacing some of its adult waterproof trousers and buying new waterproofs for children, according to centre manager Stephen Bradnock. For the past 34 years the trust has been providing water-based activities such as canoeing and sailing for people with disabilities and disadvantaged people.

• Aylsham Community Sports the parent company for Youngs Park (the home of Aylsham FC) received a donation of £500 towards the box to house a defibrillator. “This means we are now finally able to have this vital piece of lifesaving equipment outside of our building for everyone to use including the new housing estate adjacent to Youngs Park” said club volunteer Lucy Baker.

Plans are well in hand for this year’s Aylsham Show, on Monday August 27, and organisers expect to announce a major new attraction shortly.

Crowds flocked to the Aylsham Show in 2017

Nominate your food hero before June 5

It’s time to get those entries in for this year’s Norfolk Hero Food & Drink Awards at the Aylsham Show on August bank holiday Monday.

The deadline for entries into the eleventh annual competition which is sponsored by Lovewell Blake is June 5, so get scribbling or typing – it’s easy to enter either in writing or online and the promotional rewards for businesses are very real.

There are five main categories, which are listed below:
• Best Specialist Food or Drink Producer, sponsored by Barclays.
• Best Use of Norfolk Produce on Menu, sponsored by Gressingham Foods.
• Best Food or Drink Supplier/Retailer, sponsored by Dewing Grain.
• Best New Food or Drink Venture, sponsored by For Farmers.
• Individual Food or Drink Hero

The category judging will take place during the week commencing 19th June and the championship judging will take place during July, with the overall winner announced at the Aylsham Show on 28th August.

The individual Food or Drink Hero winner will also be announced at this time.

Chair of the Competition, Jacinth Rogers, said: “Over the years, the Aylsham Show food heroes awards have gained an excellent reputation for identifying and rewarding some of the very best food and drink producers, suppliers and linked businesses in the county.

“We have an amazing array of food and drink in this county and it is an incredibly important part of the county’s economy and employment provision. We love celebrating that array and would encourage as many entries as possible to these fabulous awards.”

Ellie Savory from Norfolk Quail, who last year won both the Best Food or Drink Supplier/Retailer and the Overall Championship, said: “It was a real honour to receive this level of recognition from the Aylsham Show team and to appear on the day itself to hear we had also won the Championship.

“Local promotion and awareness is of course very important to a business such as ours, so I would certainly recommend the competition.”

Last year’s winners were Scrummy Pig based at Wroxham Barns in Hoveton, Rocky Bottoms seafood café at West Runton, GF White butchers in Aylsham, Truly Local farm shop in Stalham, Norfolk Quail of Great Ryburgh and Catherine Temple, from Mrs Temple’s Cheeses.

Mike Fish of Scrummy Pig said: “It was a real coup for us to win as such a young business and it definitely helped spread the word around the county that we were here.

“We have just been featured on the front of a new publication The Norfolk Cook Book – so we must be doing something right!”

You can nominate online at www.theaylshamshow.co.uk and clicking on Show Competitions, where you can view a brochure, printable nomination form and online nomination form.

Aylsham Show distribute over £30,000 to good causes

The organisers of the Aylsham Show handed out an impressive £31,500 to a range of charities on January 17.

After a lean couple of years on the back of awful weather at the August bank holiday event in 2014 and 2015, last summer’s event was a huge success and created a healthy surplus.

The Aylsham Agricultural Show Association held its distribution of cheques at Aylsham Lodge, with representatives of 36 groups invited to attend, pick up their money and give their thanks.

Chairman and outgoing president Simon Evans said he was handing out the cheques on behalf of two former presidents Tony Bambridge and Phillida Hurn, who had not had the opportunity to make such presentations in their years because of the inclement conditions.

“I am delighted to be giving cheques out this year, it is hugely rewarding to those who work so hard to put the show on that we can start this annual tradition again,” added Mr Evans.

“We all look forward to the 2017 show and hope to be back here in a year handing out more charity cheques.”
Cheques of various amounts were given to a range of charities.

Reepham Rotary Club received £2,500; Norfolk Army Cadets £2,000 and Rotary Club of Aylsham and East Anglian Children’s Hospice £1,500.

£1,000 each went to Aylsham and District Flower Club, Aylsham Boxing Club, Aylsham Youth Club, Norwich and District Group RDA, Alzheimer’s Society, Farming Community Network, Marie Curie, Diabetes UK North Norfolk Group, Aylsham and District Care Trust, the YANA Project, RABI, East Anglian Air Ambulance, Blood Wise, Norfolk Heart Trust, Norfolk and Norwich Association for the Blind and Nelson’s Journey.

£500 each went to Aylsham Football Club, Sainsbury’s North Walsham Fundraising, 3rd Aylsham Guides, North Walsham Young Farmers’ Club, the Market Surgery, Aylsham Recreation Ground, Aylsham Community Partnership, Benjamin Foundation, Fishing 4 Schools, Happisburgh Owl Trust, Multiple Sclerosis, Thornage Hall, SSAFA, Blickling Church, 1st Aylsham Scout Group and Banningham Crown Defibrillator.

Among those saying thankyou for the cheques was Alisdair Ryding of Norfolk Heart Trust, who explained the money would be used to create videos to help educate patients.

Rob Wright of Aylsham Boxing Club, which helps with the perimeter fencing security during the show, said the money would go towards a planned extension.

Jenny Manser of Aylsham and District Care Trust said: “The many hundreds of people we support on a daily basis are extremely grateful for this contribution.”

Gemma Strange of 3rd Aylsham Guides said the money would help continue their work towards encouraging the independence and self-esteem of their young members.

Will De-Feyter of North Walsham YFC said: “We do enjoy parking the horse boxes at the show, whatever the weather! And we look forward to helping in the future.”

And Peter Dawes, of 1st Aylsham Scout Group, said the donation would help install external floodlights.

After the handout the annual general meeting was held. Retiring show secretaries Chris and Ann Self were awarded life vice presidencies in recognition of their 40 years of service to the event.

And with Mr Evans finishing his year as president, John Wootten was elected president for the next year.

Outgoing Show Secretaries Chis and Ann Self with their Life Vice President awards.

Simon Evans (left) hands over the presidency to John Wootton.

Around 40 charities, clubs and good causes received donations from Aylsham Show President Simon Evans.

Golden success for beer winner

A local brewer made the most of a golden opportunity at Aylsham Show this year to come top in a public tasting competition.
Bullards, from Norwich, was chosen as the winner in the 2017 Showstoppers contest, where visitors to the show chose their favourite tipple from six ales in a blind tasting.
The beer tasting was a sell-out success, with organiser Paul Corfield and his hard-working team filling more than 3,500 cups from the top six beers.
“There was a hardly a drop of locally-brewed beer left when we finished,” he said. The competition raised £300 for show funds.
The winner was Bullards Number 4 from the Bullard’s Brewery, which is based at Bracondale. It polled a total of 119 votes to stay ahead of the runner-up, last year’s winner Panther Brewery, of Reepham, with 102 votes for its Golden panther. The Norfolk Brewhouse MoonGazer Ruby and Yetmans Red took joint third place.
The trophy was handed over to Bullards account manager Olly Best at Blickling Hall by show president Simon Evans. Also attending were Phil Garnham from sponsors Fengrain, Paul Corfield, vice president John Wooton and Clare Buxton, who heads up the food side of the show.
Olly described the winning beer as “super light”. Its distinctive taste came from using the best American hop varieties and an American yeast strain.
“We were very pleased to have won,” he said. “It’s nice to be picking up these kind of awards against other great Norfolk competition.”
Bullards was a big name in Norwich brewing from the 1800s but was closed down in the 1980s. Olly said the brand had only been relaunched two years ago after the long absence in a link up with the Redwell brewery.
He said they were now working on a new mild and a pale ale.
Sponsor Phil said his grain storage business has been delighted to support the competition and he looked forward to next year.
“I even picked out Number 4 as winner when I did my tasting at the show,” he said.
Second placed Panther, of Reepham, makes use of traditional techniques to brew what they term as “a range of sleek, modern and full flavour real ales”.
The Norfolk Brewhouse is based at a family farm in North Norfolk, use chalk-filtered water from the brewery’s own well to hand craft beers.
Yetmans, run by former restaurateur Peter Yetman in a 200-year-old barn near Holt overlooking barley fields and livestock, has beers which have found their way onto the shelves in Waitrose.

Sponsor Phil Garnham of Fengrain with Bullards representative Olly Best

Sponsor Phil Garnham of Fengrain with Bullards representative Olly Best

The prize!

The prize!

Left to right: Clare Buxton, Paul Corfield, John Wootton, Phil Garnham, Simon Evans and Olly Best.

Left to right: Clare Buxton, Paul Corfield, John Wootton, Phil Garnham, Simon Evans and Olly Best.

Who is your food hero?

Entries are open for this year’s Norfolk Hero Food and Drink Awards, organised by the team behind the Aylsham Show.

The awards were launched at an event last night, April 13, at the Buckinghamshire Arms in Blickling, just yards from where the Aylsham Show will be held on Bank Holiday Monday, August 29.

The Aylsham Agricultural Show Association established the Norfolk Hero Food and Drink awards in 2007 – the first of its kind in the county.

Now in its tenth incarnation, the awards have become highly regarded among food and drink businesses around Norfolk.

The list of previous winners is a who’s who of the county’s best and most promising food and drink businesses.

There are five categories:

  • Best Specialist Food or Drink Producer
  • Best Use of Norfolk Produce on Menu
  • Best Food or Drink Supplier/Retailer
  • Best New Food or Drink Venture
  • Aylsham Show Individual Food or Drink Hero

Once the judging for the five categories has been completed and announced later in the year, there will be a second round of judging to find the Norfolk Hero Food and Drink Championship winner.

The championship winner will be announced on the day of the show.

Aylsham Show’s Hero Awards Chairman, Jacinth Rogers, said: “The reputation for Norfolk food and drink has grown and grown over the years and for good reason.

“The producers working in our county are of the highest quality and have won a wonderful reputation for their enthusiasm and knowledge.

“These awards are an opportunity for those people who work extremely hard and with a great level of passion to be rewarded by public recognition.”

This year’s main sponsor is Lovewell Blake.

Shaun Mary, partner responsible for Lovewell Blake’s specialist food and drink team, said: “We have long understood the importance of the food and drink sector to the region’s economy, and especially how vital it is that we encourage artisan producers to thrive and grow.

“The Norfolk Food Hero Awards champion the very best of what the county has to offer, and we are delighted to be sponsoring the awards for the first time in 2016.”

The awards are open to individuals and businesses in the food or farming industry throughout Norfolk who create, produce, cook or market food and drink products of outstanding quality, with passion and enthusiasm.

Last year’s winners were: Norfolk Brewhouse at Hindringham, The Anchor at Morston, Arthur Howell from Wells, Davina Tanner from Café Brittania, the Reepham Dial House and the Kings Arms Coaching Inn at Swaffham.

The Kings Arms also won the overall championship. 

Nominations must be completed by June 6. Forms will be distributed in the coming weeks, or visit www.theaylshamshow.co.uk for more information and to enter.

Some of the 2015 winners who attended last night's launch event.

Some of the 2015 winners who attended last night’s launch event. PICTURE: PAUL BAILEY PHOTOGRAPHY

Cheers! Here’s to a great show

The Aylsham Show is just days away and final preparations are well under way. A beer competition aimed at promoting the 50th anniversary of malting barley Maris Otter, a cornerstone crop for the brewing industry, will bring something new and tasty to the Bank Holiday Monday show.

Seven beers for £1? They may only be sample sizes, but it sounds like a good deal for lovers of real ale at Aylsham Show.
All have been created locally by brewers who between them are heavy users of the well-known malting barley Maris Otter, used for half a century to make some of the tastiest beers in the world.

But only one of the seven will carry off the title of Showstopper 2015. And it’s down to the public to decide through blind tasting.

Show visitors pay £1 for a score card, which comes with the seven sample sized beers, each marked only with a number between one and seven. You taste them all, then pick your favourite. Later in the day the beer with the most votes will be announced as the winner in the main ring.

“We wanted to create something fun, but which also celebrated the 50th harvest year of Maris Otter, which has been so important to the wider agricultural, brewing and distilling industries both locally and across the UK,” said organiser Paul Corfield.

“It is not the highest yielding barley, but it is widely regarded as producing the best quality malt. And because growers around Aylsham produce so much Maris Otter, it was an important anniversary for the Aylsham Show to mark.”

Paul said it had been decided to make the competition a public judgment rather than a panel judgment for a number of reasons.
“It’s a real test of how popular the winning beer is among the people drinking it day to day,” he explained. “And it means the winner can add Showstopper 2015 to their marketing. At the end of the day, it should be fun for everyone.”

In addition to the tasting, there will be a number of displays drawing out the various facets of Maris Otter, supported by a number of relevant businesses such as industry leaders Crisp Maltings at Great Ryburgh.

There will be two 1960s combines on show, information explaining how barley makes its way from the field to becoming malt, a display showing the other ingredients necessary for making beer, an example of beer bubbling away mid-brew and a demonstration of other, non-beer products created with malt such as malt loaf and breakfast cereals.

“The idea is to show the relationship between a field of barley and the beer you buy in a pub or a shop,” said Paul. “Beyond that we also want to show how different beers, with different flavours, are created.”

The seven brewers taking part are:
– Bullards, the historic Norwich brand has recently been relaunched after a 30-year absence, in a link up with the Redwell Brewery.

– The Norfolk Brewhouse, based at a family farm in North Norfolk and which uses chalk-filtered water from the brewery’s own well to hand craft beers.

– Jo C’s Brewery, whose home is the Old Store on the Barsham Estate and which is run by Jo Coubrough, wife of Chris, of Flying Kiwi fame.

– Yetman’s, run by former restaurateur Peter Yetman out of a 200-year-old barn near Holt overlooking barley fields and livestock, and whose beers have found their way into Waitrose.

– Golden Triangle, the Barford-based outfit has been brewing “modern hop forward ales” since 2011 and operates under the banner “Never Knowingly Underhopped”.

– Winter’s, a small micro brewery based on the outskirts of Norwich. The brewery was established in 2001.

– Panther, the Reepham brewery which uses traditional techniques to brew what they call “a range of sleek, modern and full flavour real ales”.

Showstopper - A2 Poster

Meet the 2015 Aylsham Show President

This year’s Aylsham Show president is Tony Bambridge – potato specialist, contract farmer, Norfolk boy and advocate of bringing food and farming education to young people.
He spoke to Ed Foss.

Educating the youth of today in the whys and wherefores of food production and its relationship with the agricultural industry is a subject close to Tony Bambridge’s heart.

That tractor holding you up on the A140? It’s part of a multi-million pound industry which helps to feed both you and the world, explains Tony. It’s being driven by a multi-skilled operator with expertise in IT, communications, meteorology, mechanics, chemistry and logistics. And if you think this is minimum wage work, think again. This tractor driver will be earning a lot more than you think – and earning every penny.

To the outside eye, farming 21st century style might look similar to farming as it’s always been, but that’s simply not the case, says Tony.

“We’re in a world now where the economics of agriculture mean that, as in the majority of other industries, you have to be professional and consistently competent to be a survivor.

“It’s a highly competitive world in which as a contract farmer you are only as good as your last job. If you want to survive you have to achieve results.”

Tony wasn’t born into farming. It was a path he chose. From Reepham originally (well Whitwell actually, just outside the town), Tony went to Easton College, now Easton and Otley, to study agriculture.

He was initially looking at a career in dairy farming.

“I found the breeding and nutrition of dairy cattle very interesting. If you get those aspects right in detail, you are very much rewarded.

“But I discovered women and nightclubs, which I’m afraid were incompatible with the daily early rises associated with milking.”

So Tony went down an arable route instead.

And then a series of events led to him tackling an academic challenge he could never have predicted.

His work in the Young Farmers Club locally, at county level and at regional level had been seen and noted by the industry, including by the then director of the Royal Norfolk Show, John Stimpson.

“John asked me if there was anything I had ever regretted in my time with the young farmers. And I said ‘yes, I never applied for an international exchange’.

“He recommended the Nuffield Scholarship, which provides funding to allow people in the industry to travel and expand their knowledge and understanding.

“So I applied and was successful. I travelled to Holland to study the European potato industry. At the end of the scholarship I made the decision to start my own business growing potatoes and seed potatoes.”

Tony went into business with former employer David Crane and in 1988 started with 250 acres.

That small start now sees Tony farming 3,000 acres for a number of clients, 700-plus acres of which are potatoes, out of which 400 are for seed potatoes. Other crops are wheat, sugar beet, peas, oilseed rape and horseradish.

There is also a suckler herd of Lincoln Red cattle.

“We’re involved in growing beef, potatoes, malting barley for beer and horseradish. If you combine those four, I reckon that’s pretty much job done!”

He employs 19 people, and has a keen interest in making sure young people secure work and experience with his business, B&C Farming, which sells itself as ‘farmers, contractors, seed producers’.

Tony has a CV to impress. He is a non-executive director of Produce Investments PLC, the holding company of Greenvale AP Ltd, a member of the Research and Knowledge Transfer Committee at the Potato Council, NFU Council delegate representing Norfolk, vice chair of CUPGRA, the winner of the 2011 British Potato Industry Award and finalist for the 2012 Farmers Weekly Arable Farmer of the Year.

“I can’t think of anything better to be doing with my life, but then it’s what I’ve always wanted to do, so I suppose that’s the way I should feel.”

Tony’s relationship with the Aylsham Show dates back many years. But it was secured when in 1990 he took the tenancy of Park Farm, Blickling, an easy stroll from the site of the August Bank Holiday show on Blickling Park.
“The show needed some straw bales for people to sit on and it was suggested that as I was so close it would be a good job for me to be given.

“I’ve been health and safety officer in the past, and we assist with the clearance operation once the show has finished.

“To be asked to be president is an honour. The Aylsham Show is about us as a farming and rural community coming together to stage an event to promote farming, the countryside and rural life.

“We also assist local business and charities in promoting themselves and we manage to raise not insignificant sums to hand out to wonderful causes.

“Put August 31 in your diary, it will be wonderful.”

Find out more at www.theaylshamshow.co.uk Tickets are on sale now.

2014 FH part 2 (7)s